A new period begins in the development of the child’s speech: “words-phrases.”
At the age of 15-18 months, a new period begins in the development of a child’s speech: “words-phrases” . He already knows a number of words, but still does not know how to combine them so that a whole sentence is obtained.
So it turns out that each word takes on a complex meaning, indicating a certain desire, request, demand or complaint. The kid says “Phoebe” with a special intonation, and only a caring mother understands perfectly well that these two syllables mean “Mommy, give me bread!”
If by the age of one and a half a child knows 15–20 words, then by the age of two his lexicon expands to approximately 50-60 words.
In the same period, he begins to put words into the first short sentences: “Mom is gone”, “Let’s go for a walk”, “This is Maya’s doll.” Maya, in this case, is the name of the owner of the doll, who calls her in this way.
All children at this age talk about themselves in the third person, since the awareness of their own “I” has not yet been formed: “Kid”, “He”, “Baby”, “Misha” that is, as others call them.
It happens that an 18-20 months old child suddenly experiences outbursts of anger, hysteria when he utters words incomprehensible to adults. These fits of rage have an explanation: the baby wants to convey something to you, but he does not succeed, there are not enough words.
In 1, 5-2- years old children, there is a large gap between what the baby already understands and what is able to express through speech. Often this gap becomes even wider as children are unwilling to talk. They are simply silent until a certain point.
Parents usually say about such children: “They understand everything, but cannot say,” and this is really so. The baby’s verbal capabilities are still very limited, but if necessary, he will always find other means to make adults understand him.
How to Develop Speech?
With a two-year-old child, you need to conduct classes on the development of active speech. Of course, this should be done in a playful way.
- Show your baby various objects, clearly pronouncing their name;
- Show simple actions by naming them – this is how the baby learns new verbs;
- Show illustrations depicting different objects and actions;
- Teach your child short rhymes, folk nursery rhymes, retell them together;
- Kids love tongue twisters very much. Learn the most interesting and accessible ones and practice with your baby;
- Play educational task games : find, bring, hide.
Do not forget that when pronouncing a word-name, you need to pronounce it slowly, expressively, with pauses, appropriate gestures, repeatedly.
Your task is to ensure the correct and, preferably, quick perception of the speech of others by the baby.
For the full development of speech, it is not enough to talk with the baby about what he is seeing at the moment. You need to encourage him to remember what he saw recently. For example: “Do you remember that dog that we saw on a walk?” or “What berries did we pick in the garden?”
Set An Example of Good Speech
Improve the child’s passive speech: enrich your personal vocabulary, use all parts of speech, speak correctly, pronounce every sound in words clearly.
Expanding the use of speech means being able to correctly pose a question and answer it correctly, to be able to convey in words your impressions and emotions.
To bring up the skills of cultural speech in a child means speaking slowly, quietly, without gesticulating or articulating too much.
Sometimes it is very difficult for a baby to reproduce individual sounds. He looks closely at how you do it, tries, but it does not work out right away (especially when it comes to difficult-to-pronounce sounds).
Training the vocal apparatus and teaching the correct pronunciation is very important.
- Encourage your child to read poetry, talk more often;
- Show objects in the names of which there are “r”, “w”, “z” and other difficult to pronounce sounds;
- Listen together children’s CDs and video CDs with recordings of poems, songs performed by professional actors and singers;
- An important aspect in the formation of speech is the ability to distinguish sounds, which does not appear immediately, going through several stages of formation. For example, two-year-old children do not distinguish between the words “poppy” and “bak”. In general, all similar in sound sounds bad, they are distinguished: b n , b, p , m, n , NW .
Many experts believe that the development of the hands, especially the fingers, has a great influence on the development of children’s speech skills.
There are many such games – with funny songs, poems, instrumental music. For example, here is a game that not only promotes the development of fine motor skills but also teaches the kid to count:
In a small house, there are five floors (we stroke and massage all fingers in turn)
Downstairs there lives a family of hedgehogs,
On the second floor – a family of rabbits;
On the third – a family of smart squirrels.
On the fourth, a tit-bird settled down,
On the fifth, an owl, a very important bird.
Well, now it’s time for us to go back down:
On the 5th – an owl, on the 4th – a titmouse,
Belchatka on the 3rd, hares – on the 2nd,
On the 1st – hedgehogs, we go to visit them.
Other ways to develop fine motor skills are finger painting and sculpting. Such activities develop the child’s imagination, creativity, and artistic ways of self-expression.
A Positive Attitude is the Main Condition for Classes
And one more important condition: keep a good mood while playing and doing activities with your baby. Praise the baby for even the smallest successes, never force him to do what he does not like and is not interested in.
And do not compare him with other children, because each child starts talking at a different time. Someone switches to sentences by the age of 18 months and there are silent people who persist for up to 3 years, and then suddenly begin to give out whole stories! Just study, increase the baby’s vocabulary – this is important in any case.