The appearance of a baby in a family is both a great joy and endless worries. After all, we want to give the newborn little man all the best. Nutrition, development, toys and routine – modern mothers become real professors. But sometimes even such responsible parents can miss seemingly obvious things …
What is it about? For example, about rickets, the “disease of poor neighbourhoods” caused by a lack of vitamin D. Let us remember why this vitamin is so important for the growth and development of a baby.
The best-known function of vitamin D is to regulate the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus, the basic building blocks of bone. Even if enough of them comes from food, and there is not enough vitamin D, the child’s bone growth is impaired, they can become fragile and deformed.
Vitamins Are Important For Every Human of All Ages
And that is not all. As it turned out, this vitamin is important for the process of cell division participates in the synthesis of hormones, the work of immunity, and is able to protect the body from diseases of the cardiovascular system. Recent research shows that vitamin D is also needed for proper mental development.
By the way, the first symptoms of vitamin D deficiency are changes in the functioning of the nervous system. The baby becomes restless, sweats a lot during feeding and while sleeping. Sweat irritates the delicate skin and the child rubs his head, which is why the first characteristic sign of an incipient disease appears – hair loss on the back of the head.
As a rule, similar symptoms can be observed in the 2-3rd month of life, when the body runs out of the “internal reserve” of vitamin D received from the mother during the prenatal period. At this time, the baby grows very quickly and experiences an increased need for a variety of vitamins and minerals necessary for the growth, development and maintenance of healthy immunity – A, C, E and, of course, D.
As we know, vitamin D can enter a child’s body in two ways – with breast milk and as a result of synthesis in the skin when exposed to ultraviolet radiation. If the mother is breastfeeding, the baby receives the optimal ratio of calcium and phosphorus for growth and development. But the right amount of vitamin D is still not enough. Even if a mother tries to eat right, a child with milk may not receive up to a third of the necessary vitamins. Therefore, the baby must be in the sun for at least half an hour a week, because this is how he can get up to 90% of vitamin D.
But even if the baby was born in spring or summer, and he has the opportunity to catch warm days, in the first six months he is categorically not recommended to be in direct sunlight, because baby skin is so delicate!
In order for the baby to properly form the skeleton, so that it grows calm and rarely gets sick with colds, you can, for example, start the prevention of vitamin D deficiency with the help of vitamin preparations. Experts believe that the optimal start time for a preventive program is 4–5 weeks of life, and the required dosage is 400–500 IU per day. It is very important to take vitamins regularly and for up to 2 years.
The dosage of up to 1000 IU, on the recommendation of a pediatrician, is increased for premature babies, those who are often sick, gaining weight poorly, as well as children who have diseases that interfere with the absorption of vitamins.
Choose a Vitamin D Preparation For Your Baby
How to choose a vitamin D preparation for your baby? Of course, one can recall the chilling stories about fish oil, which were treated to our parents and even a little of us. Today’s children are much more fortunate – modern vitamin preparations are convenient to dose, and kids like them.
But studies show that vitamin D alone is not enough. In order for it to be properly assimilated, it must enter the child’s body along with substances that improve its action. These are two other important vitamins – A and C. Vitamin A accelerates the action of vitamin D, improves its absorption and, together with vitamin C, participates in the formation of a child’s bones.
These conditions are met, by many drugs. These drugs come in the form of drops in a bottle with a special measuring pipette. Generally, in these drugs, a small quantity like 1 ml is the same 400 IU of vitamin D, as well as vitamins A and C.